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The labour market in Slovakia

Each labor market has some peculiarities. It may be tricky for foreigners to understand fully the payment methods, taxes, and other related benefits. TalentUp is starting a series of different blog articles, one for each country. This article analyzes the labor market in Slovakia.

General data about the labour market in Slovakia

Slovakian minimum wage and maximum working hours disclosure. Data for January 2024. Source: https://www.papayaglobal.com/countrypedia/country/slovakia/

Payroll taxes in Slovakia

Social Security contributions are made by the employer and the employee and are used for funding unemployment, pension, maternity/paternity leave, and sickness or injury.

Share of contingencies applied to the gross salary. Data source: https://www.papayaglobal.com/countrypedia/country/slovakia/

All contingencies have a maximum base of 7,931€ except for accident insurance and health insurance. Starting January 1st, 2022, the maximum annual assessment base is EUR 67,980. Dividends paid out from profits generated as of January 1st, 2017 are not subject to health insurance at all.

Once contributions are paid, employees need to pay an income tax that varies depending on their gross salaries:

  • 19% up to 41,445.46€
  • 25% for 41,445.46€ and above.

Contingencies from self-employees

Self-employed individuals considered micro-taxpayers with annual taxable income not exceeding EUR 49,790 are taxed at 15%. A self-employed individual also must make earnings-related insurance contributions.

Example of net salary in Slovakia

As a reference, we use the average salary of a software engineer. In Slovakia, on average, software engineers earn €30,000 annually.

From gross to net salary of a software engineer in Slovakia.

The employer contributes 10,560€ to social security, and the employee contributes 4,020€.

After paying the income tax, the employee has a net salary of 21,043.8€, coming from a gross salary of 30,000€. 

Unemployment regulation in Slovakia

The notice period is dependent on the employee’s time of service, as follows:

Notice periods in Slovakian contracts. Data source: https://www.papayaglobal.com/countrypedia/country/slovakia/

An employee’s length of service and the reason and type of termination determine the severance pay rate. If an employee is terminated with notice, a minimum of four times the employee’s average monthly earnings is to be paid.

Probation periods are limited to three months for operational roles or six months for managerial positions.

Different kinds of leaves in Slovakia

Annual leave is:

  • By default, 4 weeks
  • 5 weeks for employees older than 33
  • 8 weeks for employees who work in dangerous, complex or demanding jobs (such as teachers)
  • 8 weeks for parents
  • Employees who haven’t completed a year of service but have worked 60 consecutive days are entitled to annual leave accrued at the rate of 1/12 for every 21 days worked.

An employee may carry over unused annual leave entitlement to the next vacation year, but no further than that.  

There are 15 public holidays.

In terms of sick leave, employees are entitled to ten days of paid time off for illness. During the first three days of sickness, the employee is compensated at a rate of 25.00% of their standard pay rate. From the fourth to the tenth day of sickness, the compensation increases to 55.00% of their regular salary.

If an employee’s sickness extends beyond the initial ten-day period, they may receive compensation through a social security benefit. This benefit amounts to 55.00% of the employee’s regular daily rate.

It’s important to note that to qualify for sick leave pay, employees are required to provide a medical certificate.

In Slovakia, on civic duty leave, an employer must provide unpaid leave to enable an employee to fulfil their civic duties.

An employee is also granted paid military service leave, compensated by the military authority directly.

Paid parental leave

Maternity leave lasts for 34 weeks, 37 if it is for a single mother, and 43 for multiple births. The minimum leave is 14 weeks. It usually starts between six and eight weeks before the expected delivery date.

Social Security pays the maternity leave pay, which is 75% of the average pay rate.

Paternity leave is 28 weeks, or 31 if it is for a single father.

Parental leave can be requested until the child is 3 or 6 if the child has a long-term health condition. The Central Office of Labor Social Affairs and the family are responsible for paying it.

Other common Slovakian benefits

Top 5 benefits offered by Slovakian companies. Datasource: TalentUp’s database.

How to employ a Slovakian worker

There are three primary work authorization categories that apply in this context:

  • Firstly, the EU Intra-Company Transferee Permit is designed for managers, specialists, and graduate trainees from outside the European Union who are being transferred to the same company.
  • Secondly, the Single Permit for Local Hires is intended for hiring experienced foreign workers when no local staff is available.
  • Lastly, the EU Blue Card is a work permit option for highly skilled and highly paid workers who are being locally hired. It’s worth noting that EU/European Economic Area (EEA)/Swiss nationals are exempt from needing work or residence permits, but they must still report their stay and register their residence if their visit exceeds three months.